National Science Day

Science is different from all the other systems of thought, you can actually check it if it works. It exists not because of us; moreover, we exist because of it. Here is the day when we celebrate science’s existence.


National Science Day is celebrated in India on 28th February each year to mark the discovery of the Raman Effect by the Indian physicist Sir C.V. Raman on 28 February 1928. For his discovery, Sir C.V. Raman was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930. He was the first Asian and non-white person to get a Nobel Prize in Science.


What was his discovery? Raman Effect, change in the wavelength of light that occurs when a light beam is deflected by molecules. When a beam of light traverses a dust-free, transparent sample of a chemical compound, a small fraction of the light emerges in directions other than that of the incident (incoming) beam. Most of this scattered light is of unchanged wavelength. A small part, however, has wavelengths different from that of the incident light; its presence is a result of the Raman Effect.



In 1986, the NCSTC asked the Government of India to designate February 28th as National Science Day. The event is now celebrated all over the country in schools, colleges, universities and other academic, scientific, technical, medical and research institutions. The celebration includes public speeches, radio, TV, science movies, science exhibitions based on themes and concepts, watching the night sky, live projects, research demonstration, debates, quiz competitions, lectures, science model exhibitions and many more activities.


On the occasion of the first National Science Day, on 28 February 1987, NCSTC announced institution of the National Science Popularization awards for recognizing outstanding efforts in the area of science communication and popularization.


Every year, a different theme of National Science Day is followed, last year which was “Science and Technology for a Sustainable Future”, and to this year, that is “Science for the People and People for the Science”.


National Science Day is celebrated every year to widely spread a message about the importance of science used in the daily life of the people. To display all the activities, efforts and achievements in the field of science for human welfare. It is celebrated to discuss all the issues and implement new technologies for the development in the field of science, to give an opportunity to the scientific minded citizens in the country, and to encourage the people as well as popularize the science and technology.


-Tabraiz Husain


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